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85th Pennsylvania Infantry
This is what William Cutler wrote about this gentleman:
COL. EVERHARD BIERER, attorney at law. The Bierers, or Behrers, according to the German orthography, were a numerous, influential and wealthy family in Wurtemburg (sic), Germany, where they held various honorable position in the civil and military service of the State. George Bierer, a grand uncle of the Colonel, commanded a regiment in the Austrian army during the middle of the eighteenth century, and was created a Baron for distinguished military services, particularly at the siege of Belgrade, Servia, in 1788-89. Col. Bierer is of pure German lineage, his parents being both born in Wurtemburg (sic), the father, Everhard Bierer, born at Wiernshelm, January 6, 1795; the mother, Catherine M. Ruckenbrodt, at Maimsheim, October 28, 1798, and both emigrated with their parents to America in 1804 and settled in Pennsylvania. Everhard Bierer and wife were members of the Lutheran Church, and passed their married life in Uniontown, Fayette Co., Penn., where the subject of this sketch was born January 9, 1827, and where his mother died July 15, 1858, and his father August 2, 1876. He received a liberal education in the private schools and at Madison College in his native town, where he graduated in 1845, having completed a special course embracing the higher mathematics natural and mental sciences, the Latin language and English literature. Leaving the college he entered the office of Joshua B. Howell, Esq. (afterward Colonel of the Eighty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and who was killed before Richmond in 1864), and was admitted to the bar in March, 1848. He practiced his profession successfully until April 23, 1861, when he left his office and raised a company of volunteers and entered the military service of the United States as Captain of Company F, Eleventh Regiment Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps. He served in the Army of the Potomac, and was in the battles of Drainsville, Mechanicsville and Gaines’ Hill,(SIC) where, when the whole of Fitz John Porter’s corps was broken and retiring back toward the Chickahominy River, Captain Bierer rallied part of the regiment, including his company, for probably the last ineffectual stand on that bloody field, and he was captured with his command June 27, 1862, and taken to Libby Prison, from which he was released by exchange on the 14th of the following August. Six days afterward he was granted twenty days’ leave of absence on account of sickness, and went home, but on learning by telegraph of the impending battle at Bull Run, he returned to the army and rejoined his command on the day of the battle. August 30, and in a few days afterward, September 14, 1862, participated in the engagement at South Mountain, Md., where he was severely wounded in the left arm, the ball passing through the elbow joint and lodging in the forearm, from which it was not extracted until the 25th of the following November, and from which he is crippled in his arm for life. Having become convalescent, October 24, he was appointed Commandant of Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Penn., with the rank of Colonel, where he organized the 171st, 172d, 173d, 176th, 177th and 178th Regiments Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and November 18 was commissioned Colonel of the One Hundred and Seventy-first. After serving in various parts of southeastern Virginia and in North Carolina, his regiment was ordered to Washington, N. C., where he was placed in command of a brigade and in temporary command of the military district of the Pamlico. He was also at several times in command of Gen. Prince’s Division, Eighteenth Army Corps, Major-Gen. J. G. Foster commanding. He was in an engagement at Blount’s Creek, near Washington, N. C., April 7, 1863, commanding a brigade under Gen. F. B. Spinola. Spinola’s forces were obliged to retire before superior numbers under the Rebel General Hill. To Col. Bierer was assigned the command of the Rear Guard. The duty was critical, the enemy crowding upon him in heavy force nearly the entire night. In the midst of intense darkness, through pine forests and cypress swamps the march was conducted, and he finally succeeded in bringing off the column with the trains and all the wounded. July 1, 1863, he returned with his regiment to Virginia and went with General Dix on his expedition to Richmond. The expedition marched from the White House landing to within eight or ten miles of Richmond, and after some skirmishing with the Rebels, Dix ordered its return to Fortress Monroe. Col. Bierer with his regiment went to Washington, thence to Harper’s Ferry, where he joined General Meade, and on the 7th of that month was given a permanent brigade command, and assigned to duty as Military Commandant of the District of the Monocacy, embracing all Western Maryland, with headquarters at Frederick City, Md. September 26, 1863, he was mustered out of the service the regiment’s term of enlistment having expired on the 8th of the previous August. During January, February and March, 1864, Col. Bierer served in the Veteran Reserve Corps, but not liking that service, resigned his command and permanently retired from the army. In October, 1865, he removed from Pennsylvania to Kansas and settled on a beautiful farm one mile east of Hiawatha, Brown County, and resumed the practice of his profession. The Colonel was originally a Democrat, and as the nominee of that party was elected in 1850 the first District Attorney of Fayette County, Penn., for a term of three years. Believing that the Democratic party had become the mere propagandist of slavery he became a Republican in 1856, led the forlorn hope for Fremont in Fayette County, Penn., Democracy, and had the satisfaction of seeing the county carried for Lincoln in 1860 by a majority vote of one in a poll of about 10,000. He became during the war a person friend of Abraham Lincoln, and always regarded him as the greatest and best man of the age. In 1864 he was elected one of the Presidential Electors by the Republican party of Pennsylvania, and in 1868 was the Representative from Brown County in the Kansas Legislature by the suffrages of the same party. In 1868 he voted for Grant, but with considerable reluctance, as he could not endorse the reconstruction and financial policy of the party, and in 1870 renounced all connection with the Republican party. His vote in 1872 was cast for Greeley, and in 1876 for Tilden, whom he considered honestly elected, and regarded the action of the majority of the Electoral Commission as a gross fraud and outrage, perpetrated deliberately for partisan purposes and resulting in seating a President who was not elected to the office. He became a member of Fort Necessity No. 254, I. O. O. F. at Uniontown, Penn., in February, 1852, and subsequently joined the Encampment. Has been District Deputy Grand Master, and District Grand Patriarch of the order in Pennsylvania, where he is still a member both of Grand Lodge and Grand Encampment. He was also made a Mason at Uniontown in 1864, and has attained the higher degrees of the order, and is at present affiliated with Hiawatha Lodge No. 35, A. F. & A. M. He is quite liberal and decidedly individualized in his religious opinions and beliefs. He accepts the inspirations of the moral and religious teachings of Scripture, the divine lawship and preexistence of Jesus, the efficacy of His example for purposes of redemption, and a condition of future rewards and punishments; denies the inspiration of the historical records and the ceremonial and civil laws of the Jews, the doctrine of the Trinity, vicarious sacrifice and eternal punishment; accepts a salvation by conduct, not by belief, and includes all the family of the Great Father who act according to their highest conception of right. He has been a very careful student of both the Old and New Testament writings, and his present views are the result of a thorough acquaintance with the Scriptures and extensive knowledge of Ecclesiastic history and Polemics. He has also studied carefully the Koran, the Buddhist and Brahminical Scriptures and the teachings of Confucius, which have also to some extent influenced and modified his religious belief. He was married April 8, 1852, at Brownsville, Fayette Co., Penn., to Ellen, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Troutman Smouse, a lady of extensive family connections in Alleghany County, Md., and in Bedford and Somerset counties, Penn. Her maternal grandfather was a soldier in the war of the Revolution. They are the parents of eight children, six sons and two daughters, all of whom are living. The eldest son, Everhard, graduated from Kansas University in the class of 1877, and is now an Examiner in the Pension Office in Washington, D. C.; the second son is now one of the leading merchants in Hiawatha. In person Col. Bierer is stout and robust, nearly six feet in height, of iron frame, and was never sick excepting during the latter part of his confinement in Libby. He is the sixth in a family of seven sons and four daughters, all of whom are yet living and in good health, the oldest of whom is sixty-six years of age, and the youngest forty-four.
Col. E. Bierer.
Colonel Everard Bierer was among the early settlers of Brown County. Although he did not remove here until October, 1865, when he located on a farm one mile east of Hiawatha. He had been here, however, in 1857 and made investments in real estate and returned to the east again. He is a Pennsylvanian, having been born in Uniontown, January 9, 1827. After receiving an education in the district and private schools of his county, Col. Bierer was sent to the Madison college of his place where he graduated in the higher mathematics, the sciences, languages and English literature. After leaving college he read law In the office of Joshua B. Howell of his native city and was admitted to the bar in 1848, being only twenty-one years of age. Always a patriotic citizen it was but natural that when the war broke out Col. Bierer was interested in the cause of the union and on April 18, 1861, he quit the lawyer’s
office and organized a company of volunteers and entered the service of the United States as Captain of Co. F, 11th Regiment of Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps. He served in the Army of the Potomac and when the whole of Fitz John Porter’s corps was broken and retiring Captain Bierer rallied part of the regiment
with his company and was captured with his command June 2, 1862, and taken to Libby Prison, from which he was released August 14th of that year. Returning to the army he was severely wounded in the battle of South Mountain September 14,
1862, from which wound he is crippled in his left arm for life. Becoming convalescent on October 24th he was appointed Commandent of Camp Curtin,
Harrisburg, Pa., with the rank of colonel. Here he organized the 171st. 172nd, 173rd, 176th, 177th and 178th Regiments, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and November 18th was commissioned colonel of the 171st. September 26, 1863, he was
mustered out of the service with his regiment. In January, February and March, 1864, Colonel Bierer served in the Veteran Reserve Corps, but resigned his command and retired permanently from the army. Although he was never a politician in the common understanding of that term as to having sought office
numberless times have the friends in the party to which he belonged insisted he make the race for office. In 1850 he was elected the first district attorney of Fayette county, Pennsylvania. In 1864 the Republicans made him the nominee for Presidential elector in Pennsylvania and he wis elected in 1867, two years after removing to this county, he was elected representative from the eleventh district to the Kansas Legislature and once he made the race for congress in this district. On April 8, 1852, Col. Everard Blerer and Ellen Smouse were married at Brownsville,
Fayette County, Pa. To them eight children were born, six sons and two daughters.
Col. and Mrs. Bierer are both members of the Congregational Church of Hiawatha. As a lodge man Col. Bierer belongs to the Masons and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
The Hiawatha Daily World, Tuesday, December 27, 1910, Pg. 1
Volume 2, No. 90
Bierer–Col. Everard Bierer died at his home Monday night, Dec. 26, about 11 o’clock. He had been ill for a year or more with cancer on his face. Col. Everard Bierer was among the early settlers of this county, coming here and investing in real estate in 1857, but returning east and then moving here in October, 1865, locating on the Drummond farm, where A. Schrack resides, a mile east of town. He was born in Uniontown, Pa., Jan. 9, 1827, and would therefore have been 84 years old had he lived a couple of weeks longer. He was educated in the district and private schools of his county first and then he attended the Madison college there where he graduated in the higher mathematics, sciences, languages and English literature. After this he read law in the office of Joshua B. Howell, of Uniontown, and was admitted to the bar in 1848. Always a patriotic citizen it was natural when the war broke out that he became identified with the cause of the Union, son on April 18, 1861, he quit the law office and organized a company of volunteers and entered the service of the United States as Captain Co. F, 11th Regiment of Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps. He served in the army of the Potomac and when the whole of Fitz John Porter’s corps was broken and retiring, Captain Bierer rallied part of the regiment with his company, but was captured with his command, June 2, 1862, and taken to Libby prison, where he was held until August 14. Returning to the army he was severely wounded at the battle of South Mountain, Sept. 14, 1862, from which wound his left arm was crippled for life. October 24 he was appointed commandant of Camp Curtin at Harrisburg, with rank of Colonel, an appellation that attached to his name the remainder of his life. Here he organized the 171st, 172nd, 173rd, 176th, 177th and 178th regiments Pennsylvania volunteer infantry and was commissioned colonel of the 171st and on Sept. 26, 1873, was mustered out of the service with his regiment. In January, February and March, 1864, he served in the Veteran Reserve corps, but resigned and retired permanently from the army. In 1850 he was elected the first district attorney of Fayette county, Pennsylvania. In 1864 he was elected presidential elector on the Republican ticket. In 1857, two years after coming to Brown county, he was elected representative, and once made the race for congress in this district. He married Miss Ellen Smouse, April 8, 1852, at Brownsville, Pa. To them eight children were born, six sons and two daughters. He was a Congregationalist, Mason and Odd Fellow. Col. Bierer was present and made a speech near the old cottonwood court house in the park at the returning soldiers reception Oct. 8, 1865. Dec. 8, 1865, he opened a law office in the little building where the residence of Mr. Gillet no stands. He served as president of the first National bank at one time, with marked ability as he was a fine financier and thus rounded up a busy life full of activity and momentus events. Of the sons: Everard Jr., is a law assistant at the attorney general’s office, Washington; Samuel is at the head of the big department store of Bierer, Shadel & Co., Hiawatha; A. G. Curtin is an ex-Oklahoma supreme judge and Bion holds an important position in the United States navy. The daughters are: Mrs. Jas. L. Shadel, of Hiawatha, and Mrs. John Bokay, of Brown county. Col. Bierer stood high as a citizen of this community with which he was so long identified. He was a well read man, enterprising and useful. He had stood the ravages of war, the privations of early settlement, had been honored, and lived to reach a ripe old age, spending 45 of his years in Hiawatha.